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World Heritage Criteria


Included below are the criteria for inclusion in the Natural and Cultural World Heritage lists.


 


Criteria for the Inclusion of Natural Properties in the World Heritage List

 


Outstanding universal value will be recognized when a natural heritage property – as defined by Article 2 of the Convention – submitted for inclusion in the World Heritage List is found to meet one or more of the following criteria. Therefore, properties nominated should:



be outstanding examples representing the major stages of the earth’s evolutionary history. This category would include sites which represent the major ‘eras” of geological history such as ‘the age of reptiles’ where the development of the planet’s natural diversity can well be demonstrated and such as the ‘ice age’ where early man and his environment underwent major changes; or



be outstanding examples representing significant ongoing geological processes, biological evolution and man’s interaction with his natural environment. A distinct from the periods of the earth’s development, this focuses upon ongoing processes in the development of communities of plants and animals, landforms and marine and fresh water bodies. This category would include, for example, a.) as geological processes glaciation and volcanism, b.) as biological evolution, examples of biomes such as tropical rainforests, deserts and tundra, c.) as interaction between man and his natural environment, terraced agriculture landscapes: or



contain unique, rare and superlative, natural phenomena, formation, or features or areas of exceptional natural beauty, such as superlative examples of the most important ecosystems to man, natural features, (for instance, rivers, mountains, waterfalls, spectacles presented by great concentrations of animals, sweeping vistas covered by natural vegetation and exceptional combinations of natural and cultural elements; or



habitats where populations of rare or endangered species of plants and animals still survive. This category would include those ecosystems in which concentrations of plants and animals of universal interest and significance are found.




Criteria for the Inclusion of Cultural Properties in the World Heritage List




Outstanding universal value will be recognized when a monument, group of building or site – as defined in Article 2 of the Convention – submitted for inclusion in the World Heritage List is found to meet one or more of the following criteria. There-fore, each property nominated should:



represent a unique, artistic or aesthetic achievement, a master-piece of creative genius: or



have exerted considerable influence over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on subsequent developments in architecture, monumental sculpture, garden and landscape design, related arts, or human settlements: or



be unique, extremely rare or of great antiquity: or



be among the most characteristic examples of a type of structure, the type representing an important cultural, social, artistic, scientific, technological or industrial development, or



be a characteristic example of a significant, traditional style of architecture, method of construction, or human settlement that is fragile by nature or has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible socio-cultural or economic change: or



be most importantly associated with ideas or beliefs, with events or with persons, of outstanding historical importance or significance.



In every case, consideration must be given to the state of preservation of the property (which should be evaluated relatively, in comparison to the state of preservation of other property dating from the same period and of the same type and category).



In addition, the property should meet the test of authenticity in design, materials, workmanship and setting: authenticity does not limit consideration to original form and structure but includes all subsequent modifications and additions, over the course of time, which in themselves possess artistic or historical values.

 


These lists should be used in association with the article titled Protecting the Environment.

 

 

 


 

 


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2 Responses to “World Heritage Criteria”

  1. It’s as if you read my thoughts! You seem to grasp so much and that is a magnificent blog.
    A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

  2. Melissa says:

    Just seeing these lists is good.
    Thanks




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